Subscribe to the OSTI.gov Newsletter and stay-up-to-date on the latest in OSTI news. Learn about the role that scientific and technical information plays in the DOE scientific integrity arena, find a great mobile science information app, discover the latest nanotechnology research in the DOE collections, and more. Comments and Questions are welcome.
Frequency Jammers Block Emergency Calls, Wildfires and Propane Tanks, Water Utilities Response for Fire Departments, Active Shooter Resources Available
To support the art of literary translation, the National Endowment for the Arts will award 16 translation fellowships of $12,500 for a total of $200,000. The selected works range from classical to contemporary texts and include drama and poetry as well as prose. These projects represent literature from 14 countries from Central America to the Indian subcontinent and involve 10 different languages.
We frequently hear news about the returning military troops and the health issues that they face following service in Iraq and Afghanistan. A large number of veterans experience pain on a regular basis and post-traumatic stress, traumatic brain injury, depression, and substance use tend to co-occur. Many nonmilitary people in the United States also struggle with these issues and there is an urgent need for research to identify strategies that are helpful, as well as identify strategies that may be in use that do not help with these problems.
Wind Turbine Failures, Fires, and Collapses; OnTheMap for Emergency Management; Mobile Apps for Extrication and Bomb Threats; Chemical Safety Board Updates Strategic Plan
Silymarin—an extract from the milk thistle plant—is the most commonly used botanical for liver disorders, including hepatitis C, in the United States. In a recent study, higher-than-usual doses of silymarin did not provide greater benefit than placebo for the treatment of hepatitis in patients with chronic hepatitis C who previously failed to respond to standard antiviral treatment. The study, funded by NCCAM and by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Today, the National Endowment for the Arts adds four new names to the list with the announcement of the 2013 NEA Jazz Masters.
The NEA announced 80 Our Town grant awards representing the NEA’s latest investment in creative placemaking, totaling $4.995 million and reaching 44 states and the District of Columbia.
Seventy-eight not-for-profit organizations will receive grants totaling $1 million to host a Big Read project as part of the 2012-2013 program.
Millions of Americans suffer from pain that is chronic, severe, and not easily managed. Pain from arthritis, back problems, other musculoskeletal conditions, and headache costs U.S. businesses more than $61 billion a year in lost worker productivity.
Pain is the most common health problem for which adults use complementary health practices. Many people with conditions causing chronic pain turn to these practices to supplement other conventional medical treatment, or when their pain is resistant or in an effort to advert side effects of medications. Despite the widespread use of complementary health practices for chronic pain, scientific evidence on efficacy and mechanisms—whether the therapies help the conditions for which they are used and, if so, how—is, for the most part, limited. However, the evidence base is growing, especially for several complementary health practices most commonly used by people to lessen pain.
This issue highlights the research status for several therapies used for common kinds of pain, including arthritis, fibromyalgia, headache, low-back pain, and neck pain.
For chronic pain patients, pain is a devastating personal burden. For our health care system, chronic pain is an overwhelming public health problem. According to the Institute of Medicine, 100 million Americans are coping with chronic pain and it’s costing our health care system more than $600 million each year. Despite many advances in drug treatment for acute pain, treatment of chronic pain is still highly unsatisfactory. For many people who suffer from chronic pain, conventional medical approaches—like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids—do not completely solve the problem and often have adverse effects. Chronic pain conditions—including back, neck, joint pain and headaches—are the most common reason people look to complementary therapies.
Backcountry Management Plan Summer 2012 Update Newsletter posted online at www.nps.gov/grca/parkmgmt/bmp.htm
Grand Canyon National Park has started work on a Backcountry Management Plan and Environmental Impact Statement. The park’s existing Backcountry Management Plan was completed in 1988 and needs to be updated to comply with current National Park Service laws and policies and the park’s 1995 General Management Plan.
Development of a revised plan provides an opportunity to look at alternative management strategies for protecting park resources and values while providing for a variety of visitor experiences within the backcountry. Once completed, the revised Backcountry Management Plan will guide management decisions regarding the park’s backcountry and wilderness resources into the future.
Learn more about this planning effort at www.parkplanning.nps.gov/grcabmp.
HUD reached an agreement with Huntsville Utilities in Huntsville, Alabama, settling an allegation that the utility company discriminated against prospective customers based on national origin by requiring that Hispanic applicants apply for residential utility service in person, while offering non-Hispanic applicants the option of applying in person or online. In addition, the company’s application required individuals requesting residential service to provide their Social Security number.
HUD reached an agreement with Chilton Associates, Ltd., owners of Peachtree Apartments in Clanton, Alabama, and Sunbelt Management Company, managers of the property, settling allegations that they had a policy of discriminating against prospective tenants based on national origin. The settlement is the result of a Secretary-initiated complaint HUD filed that was based on fair housing tests conducted by Central Alabama Fair Housing Center (CAFHC). In one test, the property manager of Peachtree Apartments allegedly asked a CAFHC tester who was posing as a prospective tenant whether she was Hispanic. When the tester replied that she was Hispanic, the manager allegedly required that the tester produce a green card or “work visa.” The manager also allegedly required the same identification from the prospective tenant’s mother and two sons.
Read the settlement
Rethinking Tactics for Residential Fires, Security and 1st Amendment-Protected Events, EMS Lessons Learned from Joplin Tornado, Cybersecurity Tool for Energy Utilities
Catherine Bushnell, Ph.D., an internationally recognized pain and neuroscience researcher, has been appointed scientific director of a new research program focusing on the role of the brain in perceiving, modifying, and managing pain. Based in the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), part of the National Institutes of Health, this collaborative effort will complement basic science and clinical research efforts of other ongoing intramural neuroscience, imaging, and mental and behavioral health research programs.
HUD Charges Minnesota Condominium Association, Management Company with Discriminating Against Families with Children under the Age of 18
Read the charge
Risk Awareness and Community Resilience, Structural Triage for Wildland Urban Interface, 2012 DOT Emergency Response Guidebook, Warren E. Isman HazMat Team Grant
OSTI is currently a highlight at the Office of Science website. Here’s a blurb: “You’re going to learn a few things if you sit down and listen to scientists. That’s especially true if you listen to them for sixty-five years! In a real sense, that’s what OSTI … has been doing for the past six-and-a-half decades.” Read more.
Clemson University is addressing the challenges in advanced vehicle design and development, including life cycle impact of vehicles, energy use and emissions, reliability, manufacturing, cost of ownership, customer preference and public policy. Read about the CU-International Center for Automotive Research Gate Center of Excellence in Sustainable Vehicle Systems, funded by a DOE grant at the OSTI .EDUconnections website. .EDUconnections features U.S. community colleges and universities committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. For more institutions in the .EDUconnections spotlight, visit the archive page.