Cisco Releases Security Updates

Original release date: October 18, 2017

Cisco has released updates to address vulnerabilities affecting multiple products. A remote attacker could exploit one of these vulnerabilities to take control of an affected system.

US-CERT encourages users and administrators to review the following Cisco Security Advisories and apply the necessary updates:

This product is provided subject to this Notification and this Privacy & Use policy.

NOx SOx Secondary NAAQS: Integrated Review Plan – CASAC Advisory

The NOx SOx Secondary NAAQS Integrated Review Plan is the first document generated as part of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) review process. The Plan presents background information, the schedule for the review, the process to be used in conducting the review, and the key policy-relevant science issues that will guide the review. The integrated review plan also discusses the frameworks for the various assessment documents to be prepared by the EPA as part of the review, including an Integrated Science Assessment (ISA), and as warranted, a Risk/Exposure Assessment (REA), and a Policy Assessment (PA).

Framework for Assessing Biogenic CO2 Emissions from Stationary Sources

This revision of the 2011 report, Accounting Framework for Biogenic CO2 Emissions from Stationary Sources, evaluates biogenic CO2 emissions from stationary sources, including a detailed study of the scientific and technical issues associated with assessing biogenic carbon dioxide emissions from stationary sources. EPA developed the revised report, Framework for Assessing Biogenic CO2 Emissions from Stationary Sources, to present a methodological framework for assessing the extent to which the production, processing, and use of biogenic material at stationary sources for energy production results in a net atmospheric contribution of biogenic CO2 emissions. Biogenic carbon dioxide emissions are defined as CO2 emissions related to the natural carbon cycle, as well as those resulting from the production, harvest, combustion, digestion, decomposition, and processing of biologically-based materials. The EPA is continuing to refine its technical assessment of biogenic CO2 emissions through another round of targeted peer review of the revised study with the EPA Science Advisory Board (SAB). This study was submitted to the SAB’s Biogenic Carbon Emissions Panel in February 2015 and the SAB process is still ongoing with the latest EPA Chartered SAB meeting occurring in August 2017. Information on the current status of this study can be found at:!OpenDocument&TableRow=2.2#2

Sequoyah’s Diary Rubric

CATEGORY 4 3 2 1 Self Teacher Writing Process Completely used. Used. Mostly Used. Seldom used. Focus on Assigned Topic Completely related to the life of Sequoyah. Mostly related to the life of Sequoyah. Somewhat related to the life of…

Charting the Effects of Change Worksheet

Name: _____________________________________ Directions: Brainstorm the effects on society of an invention or specific advancement in the area of communications, similar to the cultural changes that resulted from Sequoyah’s invention of the Cherokee Syllabary among the Cherokee people. Then, illustrate these…

Cherokee Syllabary: Before and After

Name: _____________________________________ Directions: Using class discussions and information gathered from the Internet, texts, or reference materials, make notes about Cherokee life both before and after the Cherokee Syllabary was introduced. Summarize your notes in a final statement. Before the Cherokee…

Ellis Island Sights Worksheet

Name: ______________________________________ Directions: Choose four things immigrants saw on Ellis Island. Draw a picture of each one in the large boxes and label them in the small boxes underneath.                      …

Champion a Cause: Presentation Worksheet

Name: Directions: Think about the cause you researched in the “Champion a Cause: Brainstorming” worksheet. Imagine you need to educate your class about your cause. Using the table below, create an outline with ideas to champion your cause. Once you…

Champion a Cause: Rubric

Task 4 3 2 1 Introduction: Provide background information about this cause Thorough background information given with many details. Background information given with details. Some background information given with few details. Little background information given and no detail. Statement of…

Impact of Growth Conditions and Suspension Time on Toxin Release from M. aeruginosa Upon Exposure to Potassium Permanganate

The objective of this work was to assess the effects of KMnO4 on pure cultures of cyanobacteria (Microcystis aeruginosa) in a jar test. Of particular interest was the impact this oxidant has on the release of intracellular toxin from cells as a function of growth conditions in culture, pH (7 or 9) of cell suspension during the test, and suspension time prior to oxidant exposure. Pre-oxidant addition suspension times of 30 minutes and 24 hours were evaluated.

A Notable Narrative: Timeline Outline Worksheet

Timeline Outline Worksheet Directions: Fill in the timeline at left with information you discover about your selected person. At right, write a summary paragraph about your person and his or her importance to Frederick Douglass. Timeline   ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________…

A Notable Narrative: Friend of Frederick Worksheet

Directions: Use the chart below to complete your research. In the last column, circle whether the source was a book or an Internet site. BIOGRAPHY Person: ______________________________________ Focus Area Information Dates Source Born (date and location) Book or Internet Childhood…

Pupdate: A Pup Leaves the Class

Blog Post: For our K9 trainers, it’s imperative that the dogs enjoy the job they’re doing. Sometimes, even when a pup tests well and they successfully learn how to detect explosive odors, they make it clear that being an explosive detection K9 is not the life for them. Such is the case for one of the fall 2017 “puppy class” pups.

ITS Research Offers New Avenues for Improving Speech Recognition in Wireless Communications

Keith Gremban, Director of the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences

Noise is one of the more vexing communications issues first responders face during emergencies. Emergency scenes are often loud and chaotic, and responders must compete with background noise — sirens, yelling, a roaring fire, severe weather and more — when trying to communicate with the command center and each other.

Improving over-the-air transmissions so that essential verbal communications can be heard above background noise is part of the goal of signal processing, a decades-long specialty of NTIA’s research laboratory, the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences (ITS). This week, ITS is presenting research that offers new avenues for addressing speech separation problems while enabling more efficient use of spectrum. The research could lead to solutions that produce higher speech quality, better speech intelligibility and less distorted sound — while using less bandwidth.

Development of a Climate Resilience Screening Index (CRSI): An Assessment of Resilience to Acute Meteorological Events and Selected Natural Hazards

We developed a conceptual model of climate resilience (CRSI – Climate Resilience Screening Index ) designed to be sensitive to changes in the natural environment, built environment, governance, and social structure and vulnerability or risk to climate events.
CRSI has been used to develop an index score for climate resilience at the county level (scalable both upward and downward spatially) the represents both the vulnerability of the entity to multiple climate events and the potential recoverability of these entities from climate events. The approach uses five domains (natural environment, built environment, governance, social structures and risk) and 20 indicators related to the domains. CRSI characterizes holistic climate resilience throughout the US at the county level (2000-2015); ascertains the relationships among those domains and indicators; and, provide information regarding how that resilience score is constructed and the actions a community/county can take to improve their climate resilience.

Modified HWBI Model(s) Linking Service Flows to Well-Being Endpoints: Accounting for Environmental Quality

This report describes an approach for modifying ORD’s Human Well-Being Index (HWBI) to increase its utility by introducing a composite index developed independently of the HWBI effort. Using ORD’s Environmental Quality Index (EQI), this research examines the potential for using existing indicator products in novel ways to add a new facet of interpretability regarding the linkages between socio-ecological systems and human health and well-being. This research demonstrates a way to combine existing composite indices for developing a new layer of information as an extended diagnostic of well-being conditions. HWBI adaptations and applications are also presented, highlighting population-specific HWBI research. These adaptations could serve as future EQI-modified HWBI use cases. A series of relationship-function equations were developed, linking aspects of the HWBI (domains) to select economic, ecosystem and social services (Summers et al., 2016). The EQI was introduced as a modifier within the HWBI health model structure which served as the conduit to affect an overall EQI-adjusted HWBI. A standard transformation of the modeled HWBI health values made combining the two indices relatively simple, requiring no further adjustments to either composite measure to accommodate the integration. Standardized HWBI health values were adjusted by the EQI directly then reconstituted to provide a score comparable to the remaining HWBI domains. An adjusted overall HWBI was calculated for each county to reflect the EQI modification. Results identified approximately 28% of U.S. county HWBI health scores exhibiting significant changes as a result of the EQI modification, both positive or negative (Figure ES – 2). These results suggest that the addition of the EQI as a modifying factor to the HWBI relationship-function equation for health provides an additional layer of diagnostics for understanding well-being. The approach provides empirical results that can be visualized to identify hotspots of current or potential future adverse environmental-health relationships. Having a sense of where problems may exist could help inform environmental improvement decisions that may have the greatest community impact. Equally important, the EQI-modified HWBI health scores could be used to communicate the important linkages between a healthy lifestyle and a healthy environment to support that lifestyle and overall well-being. While the demonstration focused on a county-level application, the approach can be used at any spatial-scale, provided the appropriate data are available. The resulting suite of indicators and indices could provide decision-makers and stakeholders alike with measures to assess and track human health and well-being progress over time in the context of socio-ecological interactions.The EQI-modified HWBI demonstration may serve as the first step towards building robust information frameworks to support indicator and index development that promote more